一堂就能完成的減法教學

在減法教學的教案中,會先將教學目標設定好,這個目標不會很大又很多,純粹就一堂課 40 分鐘內,要讓孩子們學到及學會什麼,因為沒有回家作業的關係,孩子們必須在 40 分鐘內從陌生到熟悉。當然,還得呈現的是孩子們的先備知識(之前相關學習內容),這樣才能作為教學參考。在教案裡,會特地註明這節課是教這一個單元的第幾節課,之後才能做為修正的依據。

關於學生訊息

除了註明一個班有多少人數以外,在減法教學教案裡,會把班上較不一樣的孩子先標明出來,例如:有多少資源班孩子、有多少過動或自閉生、注意力不集中或是超級愛講話的孩子都會註明這樣做的目的不是對學生貼標籤而是希望能提醒自己有哪些學生需要特別關注也能讓其他或新進老師更明白班上的情況。

教學流程

跟一般課程一樣,一開始的教學流程還是會以複習上一節課的內容為主,但因為是複習,所以不會花太多時間。在複習時,也會擷取跟當天教學目標相關性較高的部分來複習。例如:今天要教發音,一開始的複習也會是以發音為主,讓孩子們有個方向,知道今天的教學內容會和什麼有關。接下來當然是當天所要教的內容,不過,在教學內容的時間分配上沒有很長,因為減法教學是老師講課 30%,孩子們練習 70%,所以大部分的練習時間都給了孩子們。因此,在教案裡,教學的部分大多不超過 10 分鐘,為了就是要把時間都留給孩子們練習,才能達到真正學會的目標。在教完內容後,會設計一連串的活動和練習,讓孩子們動一動。因為,孩子們的專注力沒辦法像大人一樣持久,頂多專注個 15 分鐘就很了不起了。在減法教學的課室裡,只有上課前 10~15 分鐘是比較安靜的,再來,因為活動的關係,整間教室就會稍微吵鬧,不過,吵鬧中是有秩序的,課堂上孩子們會懂得要互助合作,一旦有爭執,若無法自己解決,就是老師出馬的時候。

在活動或練習結束後,通常都會有張學習單或是課本、習作的練習,做為當天練習的成果。從學習單或課本習作的書寫裡,老師可以初步了解孩子們是否有將教學內容內化成自己的東西,再加上當場巡堂批改,孩子們若有錯誤,可以馬上被糾正,也不用把錯誤的記憶拖到下次再改正。最後的學習查閱卡 (exit card) 是減法教學中必要的,目的是讓老師馬上知道哪些孩子已經會了,而哪些孩子不熟,作為下節課上課內容的依據,也因此,下一堂的教案都會是上完前一堂課才知道內容是什麼。

減法教學就是隨時依孩子們的學習情況來調整教學內容只是相對的老師就得付出更多心力和心血了 附上兩個減法教學示範教案希望能有更多英語老師在教學的路上能參考減法教學拉學生一把

減法教學示範教案(一)

Teacher

曾蓮宜(Monica)

Date

106.11.22

School

**國小

Grade Level

5

Class

五年*班

Number of Ss

17

Learning Objectives

S Ss will be able to recognize U2 words at the end of this class.

S Most of the Ss will be able to spell U2 words at the end of this

class.

Ss’s Prior Knowledge

S Ss have learned Aa ~ Zz phonics and most of the Ss are able to

use phonics to spell the words out.

SThis is the first time the Ss learn U2 words.

Ss’ Learning Profile

(for Differentiation Purposes)

S YoYo*2 and Rabbit are in the resource class.

S Tony is a slower learner and easily distracted.

S Ian and Alan like to talk in class.

Steps

Activities

Time

1

Review

or

Warm-up

* Read the word card

* Choose a number from the word card and ask Ss to say

it.

3 mins

2*

Presentation

&

Practice

* Review the phonics –am, an, en, ell.

* Teach Ss U2 words with TPR.

10 mins

3*

Activities

&

Worksheet

(Differentiation Needed)

* Game – Pair game

  Pair up the Ss and give each team a phonics board. 

They have to use their fingers to flick the objects.  Ss

have to read the word under the objects.

* Game – Bomb game

* Worksheet

  Ss have to go to find the five words they learned today,

put them on the worksheet and try to write down the

words.

25 mins

4

Checking for Understanding

* Ss have to read every words to the teacher.

2 mins

           

*Step 2→Step 3 can be repeated as a cycle.

**Principle: 30% teaching, 70% learning by doing.

減法教學示範教案(二)

Teacher

曾蓮宜(Monica)

Date

107.5.2

School

**國小

Grade Level

6

Class

六年*班

Number of Ss

22

Learning Objectives

S Ss will be able to recognize the preposition at the end of this

class.

S Most of the Ss will be able to describe the position of the things.

Ss’s Prior Knowledge

S Ss have learned Aa ~ Zz phonics and most of the Ss are able to

use phonics to spell the words out.

S This is the 4th class the Ss learn U4.

Ss’ Learning Profile

(for Differentiation Purposes)

S Kevin Chen and Mini are in the resource class.

S Simon, Sam, Wilson and Toby are slow learners.

S Simon learns slowly and easily distracted.

Steps

Activities

Time

1

Review

or

Warm-up

* Read the word card

* Kahoot

7 mins

2*

Presentation

&

Practice

* Review U4 words and the preposition.

* Teach Ss U4 sentence pattern.

6 mins

3*

Activities

&

Worksheet

(Differentiation Needed)

* Game – Look and write

  Ss have to look at the pictures that T shows and write down the preposition.

* Game – Board game

  Give each team paper and tokens.  Ss take turns to find

out the answer and put the tokens on it.  The first one

who make a line is the winner.

* Game – Egg Hunt

  Ss have to find out the words, unscramble the

sentences, write it down and draw the picture.

* Worksheet

25 mins

4

Checking for Understanding

* Exit card

2 mins

           

*Step 2→Step 3 can be repeated as a cycle.

**Principle: 30% teaching, 70% learning by doing.

 

更多曾蓮宜老師好文分享: 

拉學生一把的減法教學

減法教學的三「不」課程設計

不齊頭的測驗方式減法教學的評量

收割減法教學的成效

 

作者簡介|曾蓮宜

  • 高雄市港埔國小 英語教師
  • 高雄市『提升國中小學生英語學習成效』計畫 專家種子教師
  • 師德教學資源中心 英語輔訓講座講師
  • 補教機構 資深輔訓講師